Purdue Extension

American Diabetes Month

Did you know every 20 seconds, someone is diagnosed with diabetes (American Diabetes Association)? November is American Diabetes Month and there are many ways to prevent or delay type 2 diabetes, such as eating healthy, being physically active, quitting smoking, and maintaining a healthy weight.

What is Diabetes?
Diabetes: is a disease that impacts the way our body uses fuel from our food.

* When we eat, our body breaks down food for energy into glucose or sugar in our blood.
* For glucose to be used, insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas, must be present.
* Symptoms of type 1 and 2 diabetes are frequent urination, unusual thirst, extreme hunger, unusual weight loss, extreme fatigue, numbness in hands and feet, and frequent infections.
* For all types of diabetes, management includes working with your health care team to eat healthy foods, monitor carbohydrate intake and blood sugar levels, exercise appropriately and maintain a healthy weight.
Type 1 Diabetes: is usually diagnosed in children and young adults and occurs in 5-10% of people with diabetes. People with type 1 diabetes must take insulin because the body does not produce insulin.
Type 2 Diabetes: is the most common form, either the body does not produce enough insulin or the body is not able to use the insulin. Treatment may include taking diabetes medication or insulin therapy.
Gestational Diabetes: only occurs with pregnancy. It usually can be controlled with a special meal plan and exercise. Most women do not have diabetes after delivery, however they are at an increased risk of type 2 diabetes later in life.
Pre-diabetes: 57 million people in the US have pre-diabetes, a condition that may result in long term damage to the body and an increased risk for heart disease and stroke. In a Diabetes Prevention Program Study, people with pre-diabetes who were physically active 30 minutes a day and reduced their body weight by 5-10% showed a 58% reduction in developing diabetes.

Why Worry About Diabetes?

* Diabetes is the seventh leading cause of death in the United States.
* Heart disease and stroke are two to four times more common in those with diabetes.
* Diabetes is the leading cause of new cases of blindness in adults.
* Diabetes is the leading cause of end stage kidney disease.
* More than half the amputations of the feet and legs are due to diabetes.
* Sixty to seventy percent of those with diabetes have some nerve damage

Delaying & Preventing Type 2 Diabetes

* Eat Healthier: This is a great way to lower your risk for type 2 diabetes and heart disease. Start building a healthier plate by eating more vegetables, fruits, leaner meats, whole grains, and low-fat dairy. Check out www.choosemyplate.gov to help you focus on foods you need more of.
* Be Active: Physical activity can help lower your risk for pre-diabetes, type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and stroke. It is never too late to be physically active. Find others who are trying to be active, join a group for exercise or support or find a walking buddy, and work together to reach your goals. Aim for 30 minutes on most days.
* Quit Smoking: If you do not smoke, plan to never start, and if you do smoke, challenge yourself to quit. Within a few years of quitting your risk of stroke and coronary artery disease are similar to non-smokers.

Visit our homepage at www.extension.purdue.edu/putnam or you can contact the local Purdue Extension Office by calling 765.653.8411 for more information regarding this week’s column topic or to RSVP for upcoming events. It is always best to call first to assure items are ready when you arrive and to RSVP for programs. While many publications are free, some do have a fee. All times listed are Eastern Time.

Upcoming Events
November 14 – Knives and Garnishes 101, Area 30 Career Center, 12-pm, $5
November 16 – Indiana 4-H Leadership Summit, Carmel, register via in.4honline.com by 11/1

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